For every nuanced workplace related issue, there is a corresponding governing agency. The following links lead to useful resources freely available on the web.
The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) ensures safe and healthly working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance.
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person's race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy, gender identity, and sexual orientation), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information, or because the person complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an discrimination investigation or lawsuit.
US DOL WHD
The US Department of Labour, Wage and Hour Division (WHD) enforces Federal minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act. WHD also enforces the Family and Medical Leave Act, wage garnishment provisions of the Consumer Credit Protection Act, the prevailing wage requirements of the Davis Bacon Act and the Service Contract Act and a number of employment standards and worker protections as provided in several immigration related statutes.
The National Labor Relations Board (NLRB) protects the rights of most private-sector employees to join together, with or without a union, to improve their wages and working conditions, or to refrain from such activities with impunity.
Workers' compensation law provides for benefits to be paid to employees for injuries arising out of and in the course of employment, without regard to negligence or fault, and at the same time, provides the employer with limited liability. In Georgia, employers with more that three employees obtain worker's compensation coverage through private insurers or programs of self-insurance.
The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) helps Americans start, build and grow businesses through an extensive network of field offices and partnerships with public and private organizations.